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What is Eczema?

What is Eczema?

Eczema has been a common occurrence throughout winter and can be frustrating to eradicate! It is also known as atopic dermatitis and it is a chronic skin condition that causes red, inflamed, itchy, and sometimes scaly patches of skin. It is a non-contagious condition that often occurs in people with a family history of allergies, asthma, or other atopic diseases. Eczema can affect people of all ages, but it commonly begins in infancy and early childhood.
The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It is thought to result from a dysfunction of the immune system, causing the skin to become hypersensitive to certain triggers. Common triggers include irritants (such as soaps, detergents, and certain fabrics), allergens (such as pollen, pet dander, and dust mites), dry skin, stress, temperature changes, and sweating.
The symptoms of eczema can vary in severity and may include:
1. Dry, sensitive skin
2. Itching, which can be intense
3. Red or brownish-gray patches of skin
4. Small, raised bumps that may leak fluid and crust over when scratched
5. Thickened, cracked, or scaly skin
6. Raw, sensitive, or swollen skin from scratching
7. Disrupted sleep due to itching and discomfort
8. In severe cases, skin infections may occur due to scratching and broken skin.
Eczema is a chronic condition, meaning it tends to persist over time, with periods of flare-ups and remission. While there is no cure for eczema, it can be managed through various treatment strategies. These may include moisturizing the skin regularly and avoiding triggers. By practicing good skincare habits and keeping the skin hydrated will be taking preventative measures in avoiding the use of topical corticosteroids or other prescribed medications.
Book in for a skin consultation to discuss a skincare routine for healthy skin.

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